Print Armstrong Numbers Between Two Integers in C++

Mathematics and programming when combined make a very deadly combination. As the ability to solve complex mathematical questions in itself is a great deal. But when one has to do the same thing by writing up a code, things get somewhat more complicated. Not to mention the language your coding in also determines whether it’s going to be easy to difficult. Well, Armstrong numbers are very well known in the mathematical world. Therefore today we’re going to write a program to print Armstrong Numbers Between Two Integers in C++.

 

What are Armstrong Numbers?

 

  • Let us consider Number X with N being the no digits in X. Then X will be said as the Armstrong number if the sum of each digit of X is raised with order N equals to X itself.

 

  • Eg:  153 is the Armstrong Number.
  • Therefore, 1 * 1 * 1 + 5 * 5 * 5 + 3 * 3 * 3 = 153

 

Also Read: Reverse A String in C++ using reverse()

 

What’s The Approach?

 

  • We’ll iterate a for loop where Low and High will determine the range of integers we’ll have to traverse.

 

 

  • Once we find the order, then for each digit (R) we will compute  RN After that, we will perform the addition of the computed values.

 

  • If the computed addition equals iterative variable i of the for loop we’ll print it, otherwise, we’ll pass.

 

C++ Program To Print Armstrong Numbers Between Two Integers

 

Input:

num1 = 100
num2 = 400
Output:

153 370 371

 

// CPP program to find Armstrong numbers in a range
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

// Prints Armstrong Numbers in the given range
void findArmstrong(int low, int high)
{
    for (int i = low+1; i < high; ++i) {

        // number of digits calculation
        int x = i;
        int n = 0;
        while (x != 0) {
            x /= 10;
            ++n;
        }

        // compute sum of nth power of
        // its digits
        int pow_sum = 0;
        x = i;
        while (x != 0) {
            int digit = x % 10;
            pow_sum += pow(digit, n);
            x /= 10;
        }

        // checks if number i is equal to the
        // sum of nth power of its digits
        if (pow_sum == i)
            cout << i << " ";	
    }
}

// Driver code
int main()
{
    int num1 = 100;
    int num2 = 400;
    findArmstrong(num1, num2);
    cout << '\n';
    return 0;
}

 

Ethix

I'm a coding geek interested in cyberspace who loves to write and read

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