Insert A Node At Middle In Linked List using Python

Technology and generation are growing up together, and the younger generation users are somewhat connected with tech and the internet all the time. Not to mention, today the whole world in this time of crisis is working over the internet. But to make these technologies, software, etc a software developer must have excellent problem-solving skills. In this world where the internet is the new fuel, one needs to be pretty sharp. And by sharp, for software developers, it means knowing how to automate real-world problems using computer programs. Data structures help a lot in this journey of logic building. So today we’re going to write a simple data structure program to Insert A Node At the Middle In Linked List using Python.

 

What is A Linked List?

 

A linked list is a basic list of nodes containing different elements for all algorithms in data structures. Also, it’s pretty easy to understand.

 

What’s The Approach?

 

  • Before inserting a new node we’ll first check whether the previous node is null or not. If the previous node is null then we’ll not add the new node.

 

 

  • Now we’ll store the address which is stored in the previous node into this new node.

 

  • At last, in the previous node’s address section we will store the address of this new node.

 

Also Read: Print Smallest Of Three Without Using Comparison Operator in Python

 

Python Program To Insert A Node At Middle In Linked List

 

Input:

 

append(6)

 

push(7)

 

insertAfter(8)

 

 

Output:

 

Created Linked List is: 7 8 6

 

# Python program to demonstrate
# insertion method of linked list in the Middle

# Node class
class Node:

    # Function to initialise the node object
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.data = data # Assign data
        self.next = None # Initialize next as null


# Linked List class contains a Node object
class LinkedList:

    # Function to initialize head
    def __init__(self):
        self.head = None


    # Functio to insert a new node at the beginning
    def push(self, new_data):

        # 1 & 2: Allocate the Node &
        #	 Put in the data
        new_node = Node(new_data)

        # 3. Make next of new Node as head
        new_node.next = self.head

        # 4. Move the head to point to new Node
        self.head = new_node


    # This function is in LinkedList class. Inserts a
    # new node after the given prev_node. */
    def insertAfter(self, prev_node, new_data):

        # 1. check if the given prev_node exists
        if prev_node is None:
            print "The given previous node must inLinkedList."
            return

        # 2. create new node &
        #	 Put in the data
        new_node = Node(new_data)

        # 4. Make next of new Node as next of prev_node
        new_node.next = prev_node.next

        # 5. make next of prev_node as new_node
        prev_node.next = new_node


    # This function is defined in Linked List class
    # Appends a new node at the end. This method is
    # defined inside LinkedList class shown above */
    def append(self, new_data):

        # 1. Create a new node
        # 2. Put in the data
        # 3. Set next as None
        new_node = Node(new_data)

        # 4. If the Linked List is empty, then make the
        # new node as head
        if self.head is None:
            self.head = new_node
            return

        # 5. Else traverse till the last node
        last = self.head
        while (last.next):
            last = last.next

        # 6. Change the next of last node
        last.next = new_node


    # Utility function to print the linked list
    def printList(self):
        temp = self.head
        while (temp):
            print temp.data,
            temp = temp.next



# Code execution starts here
if __name__=='__main__':

    # Start with the empty list
    llist = LinkedList()

    # Insert 6. So linked list becomes 6->None
    llist.append(6)

    # Insert 7 at the beginning. So linked list becomes 7->6->None
    llist.push(7);

    # Insert 8, after 7. So linked list becomes  7-> 8-> 6-> None
    llist.insertAfter(llist.head, 8)

    print 'Created linked list is:',
    llist.printList()

 

Ethix

I'm a coding geek interested in cyberspace who loves to write and read

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